By: D.K Chaudhary
Q.1 When was the Right to education added through the amendment in the constitution of India? (B. PCS 2011)
(A) 1st April 2010 (B) 1at August 2010
(C) 1st October 2010 (D) 1st December 2010
|The Constitution 86th Amendment Act. 2002 inserted the Art. 21 A in the constitution of India to provide free and compulsory Education to all children in the age group of six to fourteen years as a fundamental right in such a manner as the state may, by law, determine. The right of children to free and compulsory education (RTA) Act, 2009 represents the constitutional lefislation envisaged under Article 21—A and the RTE Act came into effect on 1 April 2010.|
Q.2 Which one of the following is a human right as wall as a fundamental right under the constitution of India? (B. PCS 2011)
(A) Right to Information. (B) Right to Work.
(C) Right to Education. (D) Right to Housing.
|See the explanation of above question.|
Q.3 Which Article of the constitution provides protection to the accused regarding convicition from double—bar and self—incrimaination? (UK. PCS 2010)
(A) Art.19 (B) Art. 22
(C) Art.21 (D) Art.20
|Article 20(2) says that to person shall be prosecuted and punished for the same offence more than once, while Article 20(3) described that no person accused of any offence should be compelled to be a witness against himself.|
Q.4 In which Article of Indian constitution doctrine of Due process of Law is included? (UP. PCS 2014)
(A) 11 (B) 16
(C) 21 (D) 26
|Article 21 says that no person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.|
Q.5 Which article gives sageguard to the fundamental rights of arrested person? (UP. PCS 2013)
(A) Art. 15 (B) Art.17
(C) Art. 21 (D) Art. 22
|Article 22 of the constitution mention that no arrested person shall be detained in custody without being informed as soon as may be of the grounds for such arrest nor shall he be denied the right to consult and to be defended by, a legal practitioner of his choice.|
Q.6 Under the preventive detention Act, a person can be arrested without trial for? (UP. Lower Sub. 2013)
(A) 1 month (B) 3 months
(C) 6 months (D) 9 months
|Article 24(4) of the constitution of India says that no law providingfor preventive detention shall authorize the detention of a person for a longer period than three months.|
Q.7 Which one of the following is regarded as the greatest safeguard for the liberty of a person? (UP. Lower Sub. 2015)
(A) Mandamus. (B) Habeas Corpus.
(C) Certiorari. (D) Prohibition.
|A writ of Habeas Corpus is regarded as the greatest safeguard of liberty of a person. It calls upon the person who has detained another to produce the latter before the court, to let the court know on what ground he has been confined and to set him free if there is no legal justification for the imprisonment.|
Q.8 The child labour was prohibited in hazardous employment by? (UP. Lower Sub. 2003)
(A) Indian Constitution.
(B) The Judgment of Supreme Court of December 10, 1996.
(C) United Nation Charter.
(D) All of the above.
|Article –24 says that no child under the age of 14 years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment. United National Charter has proclaimed that childhood is entitled to special case and assistance for the full and harmonious development of a child and his or her personality should grow up in a healthy environment.|
Q.9 Fill in the blank:
………………………….Without duties are like men without shadows? (MP. PCS 2013)
(A) Belife (B) Rights
(C) Moral (D) Work
|Sir ernest barker says that “Rights without duties are like men without shadow. So the correct option is (B)”.|
Q.10 An accused of any offence cannot be compeleed to be a witness against himself, which article of Indian constitution provides for this? (UP. Lower Sub. 2004)
(A) Art.20(3) (B) Art.21
(C) Art.22 (D) Art.74
|Article 20 has provided a safeguard to the persons accused of crimes. Article 20(3) of the constitution says that no person accused of any offence shall be compelled to give witness against himself (self—incrimination ). This is based upon a law which means that the accused is presumed to be innocent tull his guilt is proved. It is the duty of the prosecutor to establish his guilt.|