By: D.K Chaudhary
Q.1 Which of the following is correct? (UP. PCS 2009)
(A) The Nehru Report 1928 had advocated the inclusion of fundamental rights in the constitution of India.
(B) The Government of India Act, 1935 referred to fundamental Rights.
(C) The August offer, 1940 included the Fundamental Rights.
(D) The Cripps Mission 1942 referred to Fundamental Rights.
|The Nehru Report 1928 was in favour of inclusion of Fundamental Rights in the Constitution of India, so option A is correct.|
Q.2 Which of the following is givin the power to enforce the Fundamenatal Rights by the Constitution? (B. PCS 2005)
(A) All Courts in India. (B) The Parliament.
(C) The President. (D) The Supreme Court and High Court.
|Article 13 of the constitution grants power of judicial review to the Supreme Court, and High Courts in the case of violation of the Fundamental Rights, the Supreme Court (Art. 32) and High Court (Art. 226) in exercising their power may declare any law or enactment passed by the legislature, void or unconstitutional, on ground of contravention to the Fundamental Rights.|
Q.3 ‘Fundamental Rights’ are? (MP. PCS 2013)
(A) Justifiable (B) Non—justifiable
(C) Flexible (D) Rigid
|Fundamental Rights are enforceable by the Courts, subject to certain restrictions.|
Q.4 Fundamental Rights? (UP. Lower Sub. 2002)
(A) Cannot be suspended.
(B) Cab be suspended by order of Prime Minister.
(C) May be suspended on the will of President.
(D) May be suspended during Emergency.
|The Fundamental Rights are natural and non—transferable rights. Fundamental Rights can only be suspended during emergency situation for which provision has been given under Art, 358 and 359 of the constitution. Fundamental Rights under Article 20 and 21 can never be suspended.|
Q.5 The President of India has the power to suspend the?
(A) Fundamental Rights
(B) Fundamental Rights Described in Article 21
(C) Fundamental Rights described in Article 21—A
(D) Fundamental Rights desctibed in Article 19
|According to Article 358, while a proclamation of Emerhency, declaring that the security of India of any part of the territory operation, Article 19 become ineffective. According to Article 359 the president may by order declare that the right to move any court for the enforcement of fundamental rights is suspended except article 20 and 21. Thus none of the given option is correct.|
Q.6 Under which Article of the Constitution of India, Fundamental Rights have been provided to citizens? (B. PCS 2000)
(A) Article 112 to 115 (B) Article 12 to 35
(C) Article 222 to 235 (D) None of these
|Part III Art. 12 to 35 of the constitution enumerated 6 Fundamental Rights which are provided to citizens.|
Q.7 Under which of the following articles, the Indian constitution guarantees Fundamental Rights to the citizens? (UP. Lower Sub. 2015)
(A) Article 12 to 35 (B) Article 12 to 30 Only
(C) Article 15 to 35 Only (D) Article 14 to 32 Only
|See the explanation of above question.|
Q.8 The desctiption of fundamental rights for the Indian citizens is in? (B. PCS 1994)
(A) Article 12 to 15 of the constitution.
(B) Article 13 to 36 of the constitution.
(C) Article 15 to 39 of the constitution.
(D) Article 16 to 40 of the constitution.
|See the explanation of above question.|
Q.9 Which one of the following Articles of the Indian Constitution puts an absolute limitation on the legislative power? (UP. PCS 1999)
(A) Article 14 (B) Article 15
(C) Article 16 (D) Article 16
|Under Article 14 of the constitution of India, Equality before the law has been incorporated. Under Article 14, the state shall not deny any person equality before the law or the equal protection of laws within the territory of india on the grounds of religion, rece, caste, sex or place of birth. Art,14 put an absolute limitation on the legislative power.|
Q.10 The Rights to Equality is given by? (UP. PCS 2009)
- Article 13
- Article 14
- Article 15
- Article 16
Use the codes given below to choose the correct answer-
(A) 1 and 2 (B) 1, 2 and 3
(C) 2, 3 and 4 (D) All above
|The right to equality has been incorporated in part III of the Indian constitution from Article 14 to 18. Article 14 deals with right to equality, Article 15 deals with prohibition of discrimination on ground of religion, race caste, sex or place of Birth, article 16 deals with equality of opportunity in the matter of public employment, article 17 deals with abolition of untouchability and article 18 deals with abolition of title. Therefore article 14, 15 and 16 provides Rights to Equality. Thus option (C) is correct.|