By: D.K Chaudhary
Q.1 By which of the following grounds, a citizen’s freedom of expression may not be subjected to restriction?
(A) Sovereignty of India. (B) Public order.
(C) Centempt of Court. (D) Unbecoming criticism.
|The freedom of speech and expression may be restricted on the ground of sovereignty and intergrity of India, security of State friendly relation with the foreign states, public order, decency or morality or contempt of couer, deformation or incitement on offence as enumerated in Atricle 19(2).
Q.2 Which Article of the Indian constitution protects person’s right to travel abrord? (UP. PCS 1997)
(A) 14 (B) 19
(C) 21 (D) None of the above
|In the case of Menaka Gandhi Vs. UOI, 1978 the Supreme Court held that Right to Travel abroad is a Fundamental Rights and is secured by Article 21.|
Q.3 According to Article 25 of the Constitution Right to Freedom of Religion is not subjected to? (R.A.S./ R.T.S. 2013)
(A) Public order. (B) Health.
(C) Morality. (D) Humanism.
|According to the article 25 of the indian constitution all the persons are equally entitled to freedom of conscience and the right to freely profess, practice and propagate feligion, but these Rights have certain limitation imposed on the ground of public order, morality and health. Humanism is not included limitation provided under Article 25.|
Q.4 Under Which Article of Indian constitution wearing of ‘Kripans’ by sikh is deemed as a right to freedom of religion? (Jharkhand PCS. 2003)
(A) Art.24 (B) Art.25
(C) Art.26 (D) Art.27
|Wearing and carrying of ‘Kirpans’ by Sikhs is deemed to be included in the profession of sikh religion by virtue of explanation I to the Article 25. Article 25 of the Indian constitution refers to freedom of Religion.|
Q.5 Article 25 of the Indian Constitution refers to? (UP. PCS 1996)
(A) Right to Equality (B) Right to Property
(C) Freedom of Religion (D) Protection of Minorities
|See the explanation of above question.|
Q.6 Which one of the following is not properly matched? (UP. Lower Sub. 2009)
(A) Article 23—Prohibition of traffic in human and forced labour.
(B) Article 24—Prohibition of employment of children in factories.
(C) Article 26—Freedom to manage religious affairs.
(D) Article 29—Freedom to establishment and administration of educational institutions by minorities.
|Freedom to establish and administer Educational institutions by the minorities is given under article 30, while article 29 us related to the protection of interest of minorities. Rest of the options are correctly matched.|
Q.7 Which article of the constitution protects the “Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice? (UP. PCS 1997)
(A) 19 (B) 26
(C) 29 (D) 30
|Article 19—Right to Freedom.
Article 26—Freedom to manage religious affairs.
Article 29—Protecttion of interest of minority community.
Article 30—Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.
Q.8 Which of the following Rights can be enforced under Article 32 of the Indian Constitution? (UP.PCS 1997)
(A) Constitutional Rights (B) Fundamental Rights
(C) Statutory Rights (D) All of the above.
|Article 32 ot the constitution provides constitutional remedies against the violation or transgression of Fundamental Rights, conferred by part III. The Supreme Court shall have the power to issue directions or orders or writs, including writs like habeas corpus mandamus prohibition, Quo Warranto, and Certiorari, whichever may be appropriate, for the enforcement of any of the rights conferred by this part. That is way the Supreme court has been called as the guardian of Fundamental Rights.|
Q.9 The Guardian of Fundamental Rights is? (UP. PCS 2010)
(A) Judiciary (B) Executive
(C) Parliament (D) None of these
|The Constitution of India has assigned Judiciary i.e. the Supreme court of India and High Courts , the responsibility for the protection of fundamental rights the most significant of human right is th e exclusive right to the constitutional remedies under Art. 32 and 226 of the constitution of India. Thus the guardian of Fundamental Rights is Judiciary.|
Q.10 Which one of the following statements is not correct? (UP. Lower. Sub. 2013)
(A) K.M. Munshi was one of the members of the drafting committee of the constituton.
(B) The constitution of India was adopted by the constituent assembly.
(C) The panchayati raj was recommended by Balwant Rai Mehta Committee Report—1957
(D) The Presidnet of India is the Fuardian of Fundamental Rights under the constitution.
|All the given statements are sorrect except D as Judiciary (The Supreme Court and High Courts) is the guardian of Fundamental Rights instead of the President.|