By: D.K Chaudhary
Q.1 Which of the following proposals is related to the union budget? (UP. Lower Sub. 2002)
(A) Censure Motion (B) Calling Attention
(C) Cut Motion (D) Adjournment Motion
|Censure Motion: Censure means the expression of strong disapproval or harsh criticism. It is generally against the policies of the government.
Calling Attention: With the prior permission of the speaker, a member may call the attention of a minister to any matter of urgent public importance and the minister may make a brief statement or ask for time to make a statement at a later hour or date.
Cut Motion: Cut motion is a power given to the member of the Lok Sabha t oppose a demand in the financial bill discussed by the government. If a cut motion is adopted by the house and the government does not have the members, it is obliged to resign. However the Lok Sabha has the right to permit the grant after reducing the amount, and they do so by cut motion which are of three types—token cut, policy cut, and frugality cut.
Adjournment Motion: It is a motion to draw the attention of members of the house on a subject of matter of public importance.
Q.2 According to the Law enacted by parliament in December 1989, the legal age for a citizen to become major is? (UP.PCS 2000)
(A) 23 Years (B) 22 Years
(C) 20 Years (D) 18 Years
|According to the 61st Amendment of the constitution, 1989 the minimum age of a votes was reduced from 21 to 18 years by amending Article 326 of the constitution to provide to the unrepresented youth of the country an opportunity to give vent to their feelings and help them to become a part of political process. It became possible by amending the representation of the people Act, 1951.|
Q.3 The Consultative committee of members of parliament for Railway Zone is constituted by which of the following? (MP. PCS 2012)
(A) President of Indian (B) Ministry of Railways
(C) Ministry of parliamentary affairs (D) Ministry of Transport
|The Ministry of parliamentary affairs constitutes consultative committees for Railway Zones. MP,s from the respective zones are elected as members.|
Q.4 With reference to Indian Polity, which one of the following statements is correct? (I.A.S 2002)
(A) Planning commission is accountable to parliament.
(B) President can make ordinance only when either of the two house of parliament is not session.
(C) The minimum age prescribed for appointment as a judge of the Supreme Court is 40 years.
(D) National development council is constituted of union finance minister and the chief ministers of all the states.
|The National development council is comprised of the prime minister of India, cabinet members (including finance minister) the chief ministers of all the states chief ministers/lieutenant governor of union territories and the members and secretary of the planning commission.|
Q.5 Examine the following statements and choose the correct answer from the given options? (UP. PCS 2007)
- Right to property is not a fundamental right now.
- Rajya Sabha can stop a financial bill.
- In the preamble of Indian constitution secular and democratic words were added by 42nd amendment of the Indian constitution.
- Any dispute of the parliament can be resolved by the system of speaker of the lok sabha.
(A) 1 and 2 (B) 1 and 3
(C) 1 and 4 (D) 2 and 3
|If the finance bill is not a money bill, rajya sabha can hold it like an ordinary bill. However if the finance bill is a money bill, rajya sabha can stop it for 14 days only. Thus rajya sabha can stop the financial bill. By the 42nd amendment, 1976 if the constitution, the characterization of India as sovereign socialist secular democratic republic. The word unity of the Nation was replaced by unity and integrity of the Nation in the preamble.
Statement 3 is wrong. In the case of any disagreement in both the houses of the parliament there is a provision of joint session. However there is no provision made under which dispute of the parliament can be resolved by the speaker of the lok sabha.
By 44th amendment Act, 1978 the right to property, ceased to be a fundamental right and became a legal right (Article 300A)
Thus, option A is the correct answer.
Q.6 Which one of the following is the largest committee of the parliament? (I.A.S 2014)
(A) The committee on public accounts.
(B) The committee on Estimates.
(C) The committee on public undertakings.
(D) The committee on peritions.
|The work done by the parliament in modern times is not only varied in nature but considerable in volume. The time at its disposal is limited. hence it cannot, therefore, give close consideration to all the legislative and other matters that come up before it. A good deal of its business is therefore transacted by what are called the parliamentary committees.
The Committee on Public Accounts: The committee consists of not more than 22 members comprising 15 members elected by lok sabha every year from amongst its members according to the principle of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote and not more than 7 members of rajya sabha elected by that house in like manner are associated with the committee. The examination of the appropriation accounts relating to the Railway, Defence services, P&T Department and other civil ministers of the government of India and reports of the comptroller and auditor general of India thereon as also the reports of the comptroller and auditor general on revenue receipts mainly from the basis of the deliberation of the committee. The tenure of this committee is one year.
The committee on Estimates: The estimates committee, constituted for the first time in 1950, is a parliamentary committee which consists of 30 members, elected every year by the lok sabha amongst its members. The chairman of the committee is appointed by the speaker amongst its members. The most important function of the committee is to suggest alternative polices to bring efficiency and economy in administration.
The Committee on Public Undertakings: The committee on public undertakings consist of 15 members elected by the lok sabha and 7 members of rajya sabha. A minister is not eligible for election to this committee. The term of the committee is one year/ the main duty of this committee is to ascertain wheter the money granted by the parliament has been spent by government. The appropriation account, auditor report of CAG from the basis of the examination of the committee.
The Committee on Petitions: The Committee consists of 15 members nominated by the speaker. A minister is not nominated to this committee. The function of the committee is to consider and report on petitions presented to the house. Beside, it also considers representations from individuals and associations, etc. on subhects which are not covered by the rules relating to petitions and gives directions for their disposal.
Q.7 Tenure of the member of the estimates committee is of ? (UK. PCS 2005)
(A) 2 years (B) 1 year
(C) 3 years (D) 4 year
|See the explanation of above question.|
Q.8 Which of the following is not a tool of parliamentary control over public expenditure? (UK. PCS 2005)
(A) Public Account Committee (B) Comptroller and Auditor General of India
(C) Estimates Committee (D) Committee on Public Undertakings
|Article 148 of the constitution of India provides for the comptroller and Auditor general of India. He has powers in relation to and of any other authority prescribed under any law made by parliament. So CAG in not a tool of parliamentary control over public expenditure whereas rest options are under parliamentary control.|
Q.9 The member of standing committee of parliament are taken from the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha in which ratio?
(A) Two and one respectively.
(B) Three and one respectively.
(C) Four and one respectively.
(D) In equal numbers from both the houses.
|The parliamentary committee are of two kinds standing committee and ad—hoc committee. Among the standing committee, there are three financial committee (1) committees on estimates, (2) Public Account, and (3) Public undertakings. Excluding certain exceptional committees, the ratio of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha members in all other committees is2:1.|
Q.10 The provision for the calling attention notice has restricted the scope of which of the following? (UP. PCS 2010)
(A) Short duration Discussion
(B) Question Hour
(C) Adjournment Motion
(D) Zoro Hour
|The concept of “Calling Attention” is given by India. It is a new concept of the modern parliamentary procedure. Question and supplementary question are asked during the parliamentary procedure. The parliament can move the call attention motion to call the attention of a minister towards any matter of urgent public importance. It is like an adjournment motion, but it does not have the part of condemnation.|