By: D.K Choudhary
Chandra Shekhar Azad’s 86th Martyrdom Day observed
Chandra Shekhar Azad‘s 86th death anniversary or Martyrdom Day was observed on 27th February, 2017
About Chandra Shekhar Azad:
i. Azad was an Indian revolutionary who reorganised the Hindustan Republican Association under its new name of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) after the death of its founder, Ram Prasad Bismil.
ii. He played a key role in Kakori Rail Dacoity in 1925, the train carried cash that belonged to the British treasury. He was also involved in the killing of assistant superintendent of police John Poyantz Saunders in 1928.
iii. He was fondly called as ‘Quick-silver’ by his mentor Ram Prasad Bismil for his alertness and restless attitude.
iv. Azad died on February 27, 1931 at Alfred Park in Allahabad. The park has been renamed as Chandrashekhar Azad Park.
National Science Day – February 28, 2017
i. National Science Day is celebrated every year on 28th February to mark the discovery of the Raman effect by Sir Chandrashekhara Venkata Raman on 28 February 1928.
ii. Objective: To widely spread a message about the most Importance of science used in the daily life of the people.
iii. 2017 Theme: “Science and Technology for Specially Abled Persons”
iv. National Science Day was designated by government of India by the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) in 1986.
Raman Effect :
Raman scattering or the Raman effect is the inelastic scattering of a photon by molecules which are excited to higher vibrational or rotational energy levels